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Chunking as a Reading Strategy: An Effective Way to Improve Comprehension



Reading is a fundamental skill that plays a significant role in our daily lives. It is the key to accessing information and acquiring knowledge. However, many students struggle with reading comprehension, which can affect their academic success. Chunking is a reading strategy that can help students improve their comprehension by breaking down text into smaller, more manageable parts. In this article, we will discuss the overview of the strategy, its formation and promotion, how it can help RTI students, and how to implement it in the classroom.


Overview of the Strategy


Chunking is a reading strategy that involves breaking down a text into smaller parts or chunks. The purpose of chunking is to make the text more manageable and easier to understand. When reading, students can use this strategy to divide the text into meaningful units, which can then be processed and comprehended more effectively. Chunking can be applied to any type of text, including textbooks, articles, and even novels.


The basic process of chunking involves three steps: previewing, chunking, and summarizing. First, students preview the text by looking at headings, subheadings, and any other features that provide context and organization. Next, they chunk the text by breaking it down into smaller sections that make sense to them. Finally, they summarize each chunk by identifying the main idea or key points.


Formation and Promotion


Chunking is a strategy that has been promoted by various experts in the field of education. It is based on the idea that the human brain can only process a limited amount of information at once. Therefore, breaking down text into smaller chunks can help students process and retain information more effectively. The strategy has been used in various reading programs and interventions to help struggling readers improve their comprehension skills.


RTI and Chunking


Response to Intervention (RTI) is a multi-tiered approach to identifying and supporting students with learning difficulties. Chunking can be a helpful strategy for RTI students who struggle with reading comprehension. It can help them break down complex texts into more manageable parts and improve their understanding of the material. By using chunking, RTI students can focus on key information and better comprehend the text.

Implementation in the Classroom


Chunking can be implemented in the classroom in various ways. Teachers can model the strategy by demonstrating how to preview, chunk, and summarize text. They can also provide graphic organizers or worksheets that guide students through the process. Additionally, teachers can encourage students to practice the strategy independently by providing opportunities to read and chunk text on their own.


In conclusion, chunking is a reading strategy that can help students improve their comprehension skills by breaking down text into smaller, more manageable parts. It has been promoted by various experts in education and can be particularly helpful for RTI students who struggle with reading comprehension. Teachers can implement the strategy in the classroom by modeling, providing support, and encouraging independent practice. By using chunking, students can become more confident and effective readers, which can ultimately lead to greater academic success.

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